The common-emitter circuit

Schematic of the common-emitter circuit with NPN- and PNP-BJT

The pictures show the schematics of the common-emitter circuit with NPN transistor and with PNP transistor.

Common-Emitter Circuit with NPN-BJT Common-Emitter Circuit with PNP-BJT

Fields of application for the common-emitter circuit

The common-emitter circuit is a basic transistor amplifier with voltage gain and current gain. It has a medium input impedance and a medium output impedance. This circuit offers the highest power gain of the three basic transistor amplifier circuits. The common-emitter circuit is suited for an AC-voltage amplifier in a wide area of application. It is often used as an amplifier stage in audio circuits or radio frequency circuits.

How to design a transistor amplifier in common-emitter configuration

Transistor amplifiers in common-emitter configuration can be designed with TransistorAmp 2 software. Start TransistorAmp 2 and click the Common-Emitter Circuit button:

design a new amp in common-emitter configuration

Now, the dialog Common-emitter circuit appears. Here you must input all parameters of your amplifier circuit:

specify a new amp in common-emitter configuration

To select the transistor type for your circuit, you must click the Select transistor type from list button and choose the transistor type within the next dialog:

select a transistor type for the amplifier in common-emitter configuration

TransistorAmp 2 contains almost every usual type of bipolar transistor (thousands of types). So, you will certainly find there the transistor type you need. After having chosen a transistor type, you must click on OK and you will get back to the previous dialog (where you specify your amplifier). Now, it contains the transistor type which you have selected. You can click on OK. Then, the dialog closes and you will see immediately the design result of your new transistor amplifier:

design result of your new transistor amplifier in common-emitter configuration

Here, you can see your input parameters, the circuit and the values of all components. Furthermore, you can see the most important parameters of the operation point, i.e. collector current, collector emitter voltage and power consumption.

If you want to change any parameter of the circuit, simply click again on New Amplifier - Common-Emitter circuit and you will see, that the input dialog remembers all of your inputs, so it is easy for you to make changes.

If you want to save your result, click the Save Result button, and input a file name and save the file.

Here, you can see the result file from our example: Amplifier in common-emitter configuration

If you want to simulate your circuit, click the Simulate button.

Start the simulation

The first time you do this, you must input some settings:

Simulation Settings

The simulation (AC sweep) in LTspice shows the output signal (input amplitude: 1 mV, i.e. -60 dB):

LTspice simulation of a common-emitter circuit


© Circuit Experts 2022
Imprint · Privacy Policy · Deutsch